What are the symptoms and causes of epilepsy? What are the complications?

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder resulting in brain activity problems leading to seizures, abnormal and unusual behaviour, sensations, and awareness. Epilepsy is common among both males and females. And that’s why it’s essential to get medical assistance from the doctor to begin your Epilepsy Treatment in Ludhiana.

There’s a possibility the seizure symptoms are different, and there’s repeated twitching in the legs and arms. To make an informed decision, it’s essential to consult the Best Brain Hospital in Punjab on time for a detailed diagnosis. There’s a possibility the child’s seizures might outgrow with age but don’t delay the medical assistance.

Symptoms of epilepsy

Epilepsy occurs due to abnormal activity in the brain, and there is a problem with coordination. Some of the other common symptoms that might occur are:

  • Staring spell
  • Stiff muscles
  • Loss of awareness and unconsciousness
  • Psychological symptoms leading to anxiety, fear, or deja vu
  • Temporary confusion

The severity and extent of the symptoms are different depending on the seizure. Therefore, the symptoms will be the same depending from episode to episode. As the brain and spine are connected, you must get assistance from the Neuro Spine Doctor in Ludhiana to ease the entire process.

Causes of epilepsy

In the case of epilepsy, around half the people don’t show any apparent cause. There’s the possibility that the symptoms are linked to different factors like:

  • Genetic factor
  • Head trauma
  • Infection
  • Brain abnormality
  • Prenatal injury
  • Developmental disorder

Risk factors of epilepsy

Several risk factors are known to increase the risk factor of epilepsy:

  • Family history
  • Head injury
  • Stroke and other vascular diseases
  • Head injury
  • Dementia
  • Brain infection
  • Childhood seizures

Under any of these causes, making an informed choice with the doctor’s assistance is essential. And that approach would bring utmost ease to everything.

Complications of Epilepsy

With seizures, there’s a possibility of several complications that make a massive difference towards entire health. The possible complications are:

  • Failing
  • Drowning
  • Car accidents
  • Possible complications with pregnancy
  • Dealing with emotional well-being

Apart from these, the possibility of dealing with status epilepticus makes the entire state last for around 5 minutes. There’s a possibility to regain consciousness on different levels. Moreover, the form of brain damage and even death rate is higher. Especially if the person already has respiratory-related health conditions, there might be a problem. So, you have to be conscious about taking prompt action.

Are you wondering what next step you need to take?

If you are looking for advanced and best medical care, schedule an initial consultation with Dr. Jhawar to stay well-informed. Feel free to discuss any concern that comes to your mind to know that everything goes in the right direction and your overall well-being is in a better state.

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Neurological Seizure Disorder: Everything you should know about Epilepsy

Epilepsy: One of the Common Neurological Disorders

As per an estimate, around 10 million individuals are diagnosed with epilepsy in India. Being one of the common neurological conditions, the brain neurological functioning gets affected. This neurological disorder affects brain activity which leads to seizures or episodes of odd behavior and feeling of loss of consciousness.

How does Epilepsy impact the overall state of the person?

People experience changes in quality of life like limited mobility along with the impact on learning, relationships, employment, and not feeling like interacting with others socially. And that’s the reason it’s equally essential to manage Epilepsy and consult a medical specialist at one of the top-rated Neuro Hospital in Ludhiana.

What is it like to live with Epilepsy?

When you live with Epilepsy, it means having an understanding of the problem and getting medical assistance at the earliest. Most importantly, living in an environment that’s as safe as possible. Some of the necessary tips to live with Epilepsy are:

Work-life

Epilepsy won’t stop the person from enjoying a work-life, but there are a few limitations. It means that there’s difficulty in doing the job that might risk your safety to a great extent.

Playing sports and leisure activity

Indeed! You can take part in sports that fascinate you. But, you need to make sure your seizures are well under control. Some of the activities that you need to put over your control are:

  • Do not swim
  • Water sports
  • Taking part in adventure sports like rafting, parasailing, and paragliding

Going to school and training institute

Epilepsy won’t stop the children from taking part in activities. Make sure to inform the school or institute your child has an epilepsy problem. Do inform them about the medications and get ready with seizure first-aid. Make sure to get ready for other requirements to ensure the state of emergency get’s handled.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy might change the effectiveness of medication and how the seizures occur. During seizures having proper control over everything makes things all manageable. So, work with the neurologist and gynecologist to ensure that you seek necessary care during the pregnancy.

Children and Epilepsy

Children with Epilepsy might have emotional issues like low depression and self-esteem. Moreover, there’s a feeling of anger, frustration, or embarrassment. Some of the necessary ways to help your child are:

  • Do tell your child about the problem
  • Direct focus on what they can do
  • Inform the family about the problem
  • Get counseling sessions if necessary
  • Do tell about seizure first-aid everyone

Home safety

Please be mindful of making all necessary changes to ensure safety and convenience in every possible way. A few necessary changes that the doctor suggests are:

  • Do not keep any kind of obstacles in the way
  • Don’t keep any kind of glass tables
  • Make sure to have a shower chair, grab bars, and non-slip mats to ensure it’s easier to manage everything
  • Please fix the furniture, do not have a loose wire on the way, and seek necessary action.

Factors that trigger epilepsy seizures

Some triggers might affect you in the long run, so please avoid them at all costs. A few of the triggers are:

  • Stress
  • Alcohol
  • Lack of sleep
  • Missed medication
  • Menstruation
  • Alcohol

Do you have any doubts?

Schedule your initial consultation with Dr. Jhawar to seek the best possible care and understand the necessary measures to take.

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How does surgical treatment help the patient with a brain tumor?

Epilepsy surgery and brain tumor

The patients with brain tumors need to get surgical treatment for tumor removal and rectify the reason for seizures. Undergoing Epilepsy Surgery In Punjab under the expertise of trained and renowned surgeons gives you the most effective care. For the patients with brain tumors, chances of having seizures are higher. Higher prevalence rate of seizures can greatly affect the person’s quality of life.

Undergoing the Spinal Tumors Treatment in Ludhiana at the earliest is crucial to have better success chances. Especially when the treatment is done under the expertise of a trained neurologist. Considering the severity of the condition, some patients might need 2 surgical treatments and need to stay in the hospital to keep a proper check on your condition. Detailed check of the tumor allows to find the reason behind seizures and where exactly is the problem. With epilepsy surgery the key factor is to address the problem effectively.

How is surgical treatment effective for seizures?

Seizures occur when the body movement is not under control and everything happens suddenly. The problem occurs when there’s an abnormal electrical activity happening in the brain.

  • What are the symptoms that determine you have seizures to get surgery?

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of seizures are:

  • Change in emotion
  • Loss of muscle control
  • Loss of awareness
  • Shaking

Chances of brain tumor patients having seizures are higher when cells around the tumor do not develop like normal and the tumor causes chemical imbalance. Through surgical approach the focus is upon to remove the tumor and reason behind it. You need to visit the neurosurgeon to determine the exact reason behind the chemical imbalance happening in the brain.

  • Understanding the exact reason behind seizures

Most importantly, they study the tissue removed during surgery to analyze the metabolic and molecular changes that cause seizures. The specific area of the brain has higher chances of metabolic abnormalities. Basically, it’s one of those processes where energy gets processed on a higher scale.

Moreover, electrical recording among epilepsy patients allows to cover larger area. Afterward, the electrodes are placed inside the brain to check how well the person:

  • Encode a memory
  • Recall something from the past

Additionally, the electrical recordings allow analysis of the basal ganglia. The group of structures that plays important role in:

  • Decision making
  • Learning 

Better neuro care awaits you!

You need to be careful when it comes to neuro health. Don’t neglect or delay the situation otherwise it can get worse in the future. If you are struggling with any problem linked to neuro health then schedule initial consultation with Dr. Jhawar to analyze better what your condition is.

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How can Epilepsy patients have hair loss while getting treatment?

Epilepsy And Hair Loss

Epilepsy is one of the conditions in which central nervous system disorder is affected. The problem will likely result in seizures, sensations, and unusual behaviour. The condition severity can vary from one patient to another. But one thing is sure that medical assistance for the same has to be achieved on time. Depending on the frequency and patient condition, Epilepsy surgery can be suggested; So that the part of the brain is taken which is causing seizures. 

One concern among epilepsy patients is hair loss, especially those who started taking Levetiracetam (LEV). Just within two months of beginning LEV, the hair loss was noticed. In some cases, the combinational treatment was given so that the hair loss does not get way beyond then the present level. 

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Intake of Levetiracetam (LEV) for Epilepsy and Hair Loss

Levetiracetam (LEV) is an FDA-approved treatment for epilepsy patients. There are some reports showing that it can trigger severe side effects even when interacted with other medications. Although, LEV can result in a number of side-effects like:

  • Somnolence (State of being sleepy or drowsy)
  • Behavioural issues

During the treatment, patients taking antiepileptic drugs noticed excess hair loss or alopecia, which is commonly seen in other situations also. In a different section, I mentioned the case studies of the patients who have noticed hair loss while getting epilepsy treatment. 

Case Study for Epilepsy & Hair Loss

Case Study 1

One of the patients, at the age of 24, got diagnosed with generalised epilepsy. She had habitual seizures, and for further analysis, the doctor asked her to get an MRI, EEG, and another regular routine test for better analysing the situation. 

When she had her 4th seizure, the doctor asked her to get LV treatment. Around 2.5 months later, she noticed diffuse hair loss. On reaching the condition diagnosed, it was known that her hair loss was triggered due to LEV because only after that was seen. As the dose was reduced and she stopped the intake of LEV, her hair loss stopped. 

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Case Study 2

Another patient, at the age of 26, started having chronic seizures. Furthermore, MRI and normal EEG were done to show the generalised epileptiform activity. Her severity was in excess, so her LEV intake was way more than other patients. Although, even after having LEV 1000mg/day, she has seizures and then hair loss. After consulting the doctor, she was asked to reduce the intake of LEV. The hair loss got back to normal within a few months, and even her seizures stopped. 

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How do neurosurgeons diagnose epilepsy? What are the best treatment options?

How is Epilepsy diagnosed?

Being the Best Neurologist in Ludhiana Dr. Jhawar will first check the symptoms and your medical history. For a better understanding of your condition, different tests are performed and to also check what is the main reason for seizures. The evaluation will include:

  • Blood test
  • Neurological exam (To check the mental, motor, and behavior abilities)

Depending on the severity of the condition, the neurosurgeon In Punjab will give you an appropriate treatment plan. This means that your treatment cost will be different as compared to another patient.

What are the tests done to check brain abnormality?

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

The test helps to diagnose epilepsy and the electrodes are used to check the electrical activity of the brain. With epilepsy, the brain normally waves patterns that will change.

In some cases, High-density EEG is suggested to check the brain areas which are affected by seizures.

  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan

With a CT scan, the cross-sectional brain images are checked and it helps to know about the abnormality which results in seizures like cysts, tumors, and bleeding.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

With MRI the powerful radio waves and magnets are used to check the inside of the brain. The test will help to check the lesions and abnormalities.

  • Functional MRI (fMRI)

With this type, the change in blood flow that occurs in the specific body part will be measured. It will check the precise location of the critical location.

After having the test results, the doctor might prefer to do an analysis method to help to understand where the brain seizure started and this is done through the following:

  • Statistical parametric mapping (SPM)
  • Curry analysis
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG)

How is epilepsy treated?

Medication

Initially, the doctor suggests the medications and most of the time the patient becomes seizure-free. Intake of medication will decrease the intensity and frequency. Moreover, the patient does not have to take the medications after 2 or more years. The medication might have some side effects, so make sure that you:

  • Take medications as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Only stop the medications when the doctor asks you
  • In case you notice suicidal thoughts, depressed state, or unusual mood change, then inform the doctor.
  • In case, you have started taking certain medication then inform the doctor about the same.

Epilepsy Surgery

In case, medications do not provide relief or control the situation then the doctor will suggest surgery. During surgery, the part of the brain which triggers seizures will be moved. This operation is not going to affect vital functions like motor, language, speech, hearing, and vision.

Get the treatment from the experienced neurosurgeon

With advanced technology and treatment, there is no need to worry. In addition, choosing the experienced doctor will give you peace of mind as the doctor’s experience, treatment success rate, and reduced complication will eventually make a difference. Also, make sure that you get understanding about your condition like and do the needful:

  • Do not try to take an overdose or less dosage as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Get enough sleep, every day
  • Make sure to wear the medical alert bracelet
  • Exercise daily
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