What is Craniocervical Junction surgery and what it is used for?

What is Craniocervical Junction Surgery?

Craniocervical Junction surgical approach is done on the bones which is the junction between the spine and skull. The craniocervical junction includes bones which are the skull base. In medical terms, it is known as an occipital bone. The first 2 bones in the spine are the axis & atlas. Visit the best Neurology Hospital, as you can rest assured that the neurosurgeon will tell you properly about the surgery. 

What is Craniocervical Junction Surgery used for?

Craniocervical junction surgery is used for addressing the problem with the upper neck. It is possible that they might be present from birth or occurred after some time. The injury with a craniocervical junction is divided into types which include:

  • An injury that affects the structure of bone

This condition can be treated conservatively through a surgical approach which might be leading to instability. 

  • Injury to the ligament

Such injury can affect the stability between the skull and spine. The patient needs to get surgery.

What conditions can occur later in life?

Certain issues affect the craniocervical junction in later life like:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Tumors of the craniocervical junction
  • Paget’s disease

In some cases, the problem can be from birth which includes general or isolated disorder. Some of the isolated disorder are:

  • Platybascraniocervical junction surgery
  • Atlantoaxial subluxation or dislocation
  • Atlas hypoplasia
  • Basilar invagination
  • Atlas assimilation
  • Klippel-Feil malformation
  • Chiari malformation
  • Os odontoideum

General disorders can even result in abnormality and these might also be the part of large problems like:

  • Achondroplasia
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Down syndrome
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta

What determines my eligibility for the surgery?

You will be the candidate if the craniocervical junction has a traumatic injury or a disease which affects it. 

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