Some common neurological disorders in newborns.

The neurological abnormalities that many newborn babies face are that their parents are ignorant of them. When a child exhibits symptoms indicative of a neurological problem, their patients typically approach it as a general health concern and begin therapy with a general practitioner rather than a neurosurgeon. To assist you in determining whether you or your child is experiencing a neurological disease, we will discuss a few warning signals in this piece.

 

What are the neurological disorders in newborns? 

Numerous factors, such as genetic diseases, prenatal exposure to chemicals or infections, birth issues, prematurity, and postnatal injuries, can result in neurological problems in newborn kids. Contact the best neurologist in Punjab who offers a satisfying neurological treatment. 

 

What are some common neurological issues in newborn babies? 

Among the typical neurological issues that babies encounter are:

  • Cerebral palsy: A set of conditions known as cerebral palsy impact muscular coordination and movement. Damage to the developing brain, either prenatally or throughout infancy, is frequently the cause of it.
  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: This disorder is caused by the brain being oxygen- and blood-starved after birth, which damages the brain. If left untreated, it may cause long-term neurological impairments.
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage: Trauma sustained during birth, brittle blood arteries, or coagulation issues can all result in bleeding inside the skull. Neurological issues may arise from a bleed, depending on its location and severity.
  • Hydrocephalus: Increased pressure in the brain is brought on by a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid, a condition known as hydrocephalus. It may be acquired or congenital, and surgery may be necessary to release pressure on the brain.
  • Neonatal Seizures: Several conditions, such as brain abnormalities, infections, or metabolic issues, can result in seizures in neonates. Timely diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoid permanent brain damage.
  • Neonatal Stroke: Although they are uncommon, strokes can occur in newborns and, depending on the area of the brain damaged, may result in neurological impairments.
  • Neonatal Infections: If a baby has an infection, such as meningitis or encephalitis, and is not identified and treated immediately, it may have neurological consequences.
  • Genetics disorders: Some genetic disorders can impact a person’s neurological development from birth, resulting in problems including metabolic disorders, down syndrome and Tay-Sachs disease. 
  • Prematurity: A premature delivery raises the risk of periventricular leukomalacia, intraventricular hemorrhage, developmental delays, and other neurological issues. 
  • Neonatal Hypoglycemia: If left untreated, low blood sugar levels in the early postpartum period can cause neurological symptoms like seizures or cognitive abnormalities.

 

Warning signs of neurological issues.

There are several symptoms doctors see in newborns during neurological issues, and some are as follows:

  • Abnormal muscle tone: Neurological issues indicated by the stiffness and floppiness of the muscles, especially in the arms and legs. 
  • Feeding issues: Infants with neurological disorders have trouble synchronizing their sucking and swallowing actions, which can result in poor weight growth, feeding difficulties, or choking incidents.
  • Abnormal Reflexes: Lack or abnormality in reflexes such as the rooting, sucking, or Moro reflexes may indicate neurological problems.
  • Seizures: Abnormal movements, staring spells, repetitive movements, or abrupt behavioral changes can all be signs of newborn seizures.
  • Excessive Weeping or Angry Behavior: Extended weeping or agitated behavior that does not go away with food, nappy changes, or cuddles may indicate discomfort or neurological discomfort.
  • Improper head circumference: Hydrocephalus or abnormally big and small head circumference indicates inappropriate brain development. 
  • Breathing Difficulties: Abnormal breathing patterns, breathing pauses, or breathing difficulties may indicate neurological issues affecting the brainstem, which regulates breathing.

If you are looking for a Neurosurgeon in Ludhiana, contact the Jhawar Neuro Hospital.

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