What Is Coma, Its Common Symptoms, Causes, And Complications?

What Is Coma?

A coma is basically a state of extended unconsciousness. There are various reasons that can lead to coma. Some of those issues include stroke, traumatic head injury, brain tumor, and alcohol or drug intoxication. Even underlying health conditions, such as infection or diabetes, can cause coma.

According to the Neurologist in Ludhiana, a coma is a medical emergency. In such a situation, you would have to take swift actions to preserve life and the function of the brain. To determine the issue, the doctor in a Brain Hospital In Punjab conducts several blood tests and even brain scans. This technique helps them to understand the real cause of coma and further plan a treatment strategy.

What Are The Symptoms Of Coma?

Let us now move toward the symptoms of coma to get an understanding of its indication:

  1. Closed eyes.
  2. No response to limbs, apart from having some reflex movements.
  3. Having depressed brainstem reflexes, such as pupils not responding to light.
  4. There is no response to any painful stimuli. Except for the reflex movements.
  5. Irregular breathing. 

When Should You Visit A Doctor?

Do not wait any longer than you already did. A coma is a medical emergency that you can not neglect. Seek professional health care immediately for the person who is in a coma.

What Are The Causes Of Coma?

There are many issues that can lead to coma. Some of the common problems include: 

  1. Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic injury often happens due to an act of violence or traffic collisions.

  1. Stroke

If there is a reduction or interruption in the blood supply to the brain, also known as stroke, it can result in bursting blood vessels or blocking arthritis.

  1. Tumors

If you suffer from a tumor in the brainstem or brain, it can result in a coma.

  1. Diabetes

Your blood sugar level, if it is too low (hypoglycemia) or too high (hyperglycemia), can lead to coma.

  1. Lack of oxygen

People who have been resuscitated after a heart attack or rescued from drowning might not be awake because of a lack of oxygen to the brain.

  1. Infections

Certain infections, such as meningitis and encephalitis, can cause swelling in the spinal cord, brain, and tissues surrounding the brain. Severe conditions of this issue can result in brain damage or even coma.

  1. Seizures

If you are suffering from ongoing seizures, it can lead to coma.

  1. Toxins

If you are exposed to toxins such as lead or carbon monoxide, you can suffer from brain damage or coma.

  1. Drug and alcohol

Overdosing on alcohol or drugs can also cause coma.

What Are The Complications Of Coma?

In most cases, the patient in a coma gradually recovers from the issue. However, there are also cases where they go into a vegetative state or die. Some people who recover from a coma might suffer from some minor or major disabilities.

You can develop complications during a coma, such as urinary tract infections, pressure sores, blood clots in the legs, and many others.

Final Comments

Contact Dr. Jhawar Neuro for healthy neurological health. Visit our website to get more information.

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