What are brain disorders? How is it diagnosed and what are its types?

The brain is the important part that helps to control the body. It includes the nerves, neurons, and spinal cord. In all, it helps in controlling the nervous system, senses, and muscles.

Brain Tumours

What is meant by brain disorders?

The brain is the important part that helps to control the body. It includes the nerves, neurons, and spinal cord. In all, it helps in controlling the nervous system, senses, and muscles. Brain disorders are the issue that affects the normal functioning of the brain. It includes the following:

  • Illness
  • Genetics
  • Traumatic injury

What are the various types of brain disorders?

Brain injuries

Brain injuries happen due to blunt trauma. This situation will damage the neurons, brain tissue along nerves. In this case, the brain is not able to communicate with other body parts. Some of the problems with it are:

  • Hematomas
  • Contusions, or bruising of brain tissue
  • Cerebral edema, or skull swelling
  • Concussions
  • Blood clots
  • Strokes

What are the symptoms of brain injury?

  • Vomiting
  • Memory loss
  • Nausea
  • Speech difficulty
  • Bleeding from the ear
  • Numbness
  • Paralysis
  • Not able to concentrate 

You may develop the issue of high blood pressure, pupil dilation, and heart rate becomes slow. 

Brain tumors

No matter where the brain tumor is in the brain, the problem is serious. It can result in symptoms are nausea, headaches, seizures, problems maintaining balance, or personality changes. 

Neurodegenerative diseases

In this condition, the nerves and brain start losing their functioning with time. The person can get confused or personality changes. Some of its common symptoms are apathy, memory loss, loss of inhibition, mood changes, anxiety, agitation, or forgetfulness. 

How is it diagnosed?

During the neurological exam, the hearing, vision, and balance are checked. Some of the diagnostic tests which can be done are MRI, CT scan, and PET scan.

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